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AMD to buy Silo AI for $665M


  • AMD is acquiring Silo AI for $665 million to bolster its software capabilities in AI and machine learning, areas where NVIDIA's CUDA has been dominant.
  • Silo AI's expertise with large language models (LLMs) on AMD hardware is expected to enhance AMD's software stack and competitive position.
  • The acquisition has generated discussions about its potential impact on the European startup ecosystem and AMD's future in the AI market.

Europe's new heavy-lift rocket, Ariane 6, made its inaugural flight

  • Europe's new heavy-lift rocket, Ariane 6, successfully launched from French Guiana on 9 July 2024, marking its inaugural flight, VA262.
  • The launch demonstrated Ariane 6's capabilities, including placing satellites into orbit and showcasing its new launch pad built by CNES.
  • Ariane 6, built by ArianeGroup, signifies a new era for the European space industry, with its upper stage demonstrating engine restart and safe deorbiting capabilities.


  • Europe's new heavy-lift rocket, Ariane 6, has successfully completed its inaugural flight, aiming to provide independent access to space for European countries until the 2030s.
  • Despite being nearly twice as expensive as SpaceX's Falcon 9, both rockets have the capability to lift 22 tons to low Earth orbit.
  • Future plans for Ariane Next/SALTO aim to achieve similar efficiency to Falcon 9 with a reusable design, though critics note that SpaceX benefits from taxpayer support and military/NASA facilities, complicating direct cost comparisons.

Zed on Linux Is Here

  • Zed, a software product, is now available for installation on Linux systems.
  • Users can install Zed by running a provided shell script via the command: curl
  • This release is significant as it expands Zed's availability to Linux users, potentially increasing its user base and community engagement.


  • Zed, a new text editor for Linux, has initiated comparisons with popular editors like VSCode, Neovim, and Sublime Text.
  • Users praise Zed for its speed, native app feel, collaborative features, and UI design but note issues with Typescript integration and version control.
  • Concerns about Zed's installation method and potential future monetization have been raised, leading to a divided community, with many users monitoring its development while continuing to use their current tools.

How CD pregaps gained their hidden track superpowers

  • The article delves into the compatibility issues and complications associated with the audio CD hidden track phenomenon known as the before-album pregap.
  • It explores how this pregap, a hidden track before the first track of an album, can cause playback issues on various CD formats and players.
  • The discussion is relevant for those interested in the technical aspects of CDs, including CD, CD-i, CD-ROM, and enhanced CDs, and adheres to the Red Book standard for audio CDs.


  • CD pregaps have been creatively used for hidden tracks and live recordings, often containing crowd noise between songs, only audible when playing the album continuously.
  • CDs can technically support up to 9,801 audio segments through 99 tracks and 99 index markers, but few CD players support index navigation.
  • While some users rip CDs preserving pregaps for gapless playback, the desire for a unified album format with metadata persists, as current solutions like FLAC/cue lack widespread hardware support.

RouteLLM: A framework for serving and evaluating LLM routers

  • RouteLLM is a framework designed for serving and evaluating Large Language Model (LLM) routers, offering a cost-effective alternative to OpenAI's client by routing simpler queries to cheaper models.
  • Key features include pre-trained routers that can reduce costs by up to 85% while maintaining 95% of GPT-4's performance, and an extendable framework for adding new routers and comparing performance across benchmarks.
  • The framework supports various models and providers, requires an OPENAI_API_KEY for generating embeddings, and allows for threshold calibration to balance cost and quality.


  • RouteLLM is a new framework designed to serve and evaluate LLM (Large Language Model) routers, with a focus on cost optimization.
  • It offers trained routers that can reduce costs by up to 85%, addressing challenges like rate limits, cost per token, and model selection, making it valuable for budget-conscious companies.
  • The framework allows users to fallback to different models and manage rate limits automatically, making it a crucial tool for building robust and cost-effective LLM pipelines.

ML Code Exercises

  • The platform Deep-ML offers a variety of code challenges across different categories such as linear algebra, machine learning, and deep learning, catering to various difficulty levels from easy to hard.
  • Challenges include practical implementations like Linear Regression, K-Means Clustering, and Principal Component Analysis (PCA), providing hands-on experience for learners.
  • This resource is particularly valuable for students and entry-level engineers looking to strengthen their understanding and skills in fundamental and advanced machine learning concepts.


  • A new website,, offers machine learning (ML) code exercises inspired by Andrej Karpathy’s videos, intended as a learning tool rather than interview preparation.
  • The platform has sparked debate about the relevance of such exercises for ML job interviews, with some arguing they focus too much on basic computations rather than practical skills.
  • The creator, mchab, emphasizes that the site is for educational purposes, not to mimic Leetcode-style interview questions, and is open to feedback and improvements via a dedicated Discord channel.

Girls in Tech closes its doors after 17 years

  • GamesBeat is collaborating with Lil Snack to provide customized games, aiming to boost audience engagement.
  • The Girls in Tech nonprofit is closing after 17 years, as announced by founder Adriana Gascoigne, who emphasized the organization's significant role in empowering women in tech.
  • Founded in Silicon Valley and later moved to Nashville, Girls in Tech impacted over 250,000 individuals across 35 chapters in 30 countries through programs like mentorship, hackathons, and conferences.


  • Girls in Tech, a non-profit organization, is shutting down after 17 years due to insufficient funding, sparking discussions on gender diversity in the tech industry.
  • The closure has led to reflections on the organization's impact and debates on the effectiveness of diversity initiatives and their broader implications for women in tech.
  • This event underscores the persistent challenges in funding and sustaining non-profits focused on diversity and inclusion.

SimSig: Railway Signalling Simulations

  • SimSig is a railway signalling simulation software that replicates the operation of British IECCs (Integrated Electronic Control Centres) on home PCs.
  • It offers a variety of simulations from the UK, US, and Australia, with prices ranging from free to under £10, and supports multiplayer and timetable creation.
  • SimSig runs on Windows 8.1 and 10, and can be used on Linux and Mac through emulators like Wine and Crossover.


  • SimSig is a popular railway signaling simulator, with discussions comparing it to other simulators like NXSYS, Rail Route, and Factorio.
  • The conversation highlights the complexity and realism of different railway signaling systems, including historical and modern advancements.
  • There is a debate on the safety and efficiency of close train spacing, with references to various signaling technologies and real-world examples like the Clapham Junction rail crash. simplifying AWS IAM policies


  • simplifies AWS IAM policies by visualizing them, addressing the common issue of IAM's complexity.
  • Users share experiences of IAM's steep learning curve, with some resorting to insecure practices like using root credentials, highlighting the need for better tools.
  • The tool converts IAM policies into graphs, making them easier to understand, and its GitHub repository is available for those concerned about security.

I made a Note-Taking app for people who keep texting themselves

  • Strflow, initially a macOS note-taking app, is now available for iOS, featuring a chronological timeline UI.
  • Key features include a tag system, rich editor, global shortcuts, share extension, and encrypted iCloud backup with end-to-end encryption.
  • Strflow is natively implemented in Swift, using AppKit for macOS, UIKit for iOS, and partially SwiftUI, with a custom-built sync engine using CloudKit.


  • Strflow is a new note-taking app designed for users who often text themselves notes, offering a dedicated alternative to chat apps like Slack or iMessage.
  • Initially launched for macOS, Strflow is now available on iOS, featuring a tag system, rich editor, global shortcuts, share extension, and encrypted iCloud backup.
  • The app is built using Swift, with AppKit for macOS and UIKit for iOS, and the developer is open to questions and feedback.

Vision language models are blind

  • Large language models with vision capabilities (VLMs) like GPT-4o and Gemini-1.5 Pro excel in many image-text tasks but struggle with simple visual tasks that are easy for humans.
  • These tasks include identifying overlapping circles, intersecting lines, circled letters, counting shapes in logos, nested squares, grid rows and columns, and following paths in subway maps.
  • The limitations in basic visual tasks suggest that the vision capabilities of current VLMs are still underdeveloped, highlighting areas for future improvement.


  • A recent paper claims that vision language models (VLMs) like GPT-4 and Sonnet 3.5 struggle with basic visual tasks, suggesting they are "blind."
  • Critics argue that while VLMs may fail at specific tasks, they excel in others, especially when trained on relevant data, and caution against hyperbolic and misleading titles.
  • The discussion underscores the complexity of evaluating VLMs and the importance of understanding their limitations and strengths.

Multi-agent chatbot murder mystery – AI Alibis (free, in-browser)


  • A new open-source game called "AI Alibis" allows players to solve a murder mystery by interrogating AI-generated suspects, each hiding secrets about the case.
  • The game uses a sophisticated prompt refinement system to ensure suspects do not accidentally confess, involving a "violation bot" and a "refinement bot" to check and adjust responses.
  • The project is hosted for free using the Anthropic API and is available on GitHub, but it has faced performance issues due to high traffic from Hacker News.

Weird things I learned while writing an x86 emulator

  • The post explores unique and lesser-known aspects of writing an x86 and amd64 emulator for Time Travel Debugging (TTD), focusing on the transition from assembly to C++ for better maintainability.
  • Key insights include the peculiarities of x86 encoding, such as multiple ways to encode the same instruction, and the quirks of CPU flags and shift instructions.
  • Segment overrides in 32-bit and 64-bit code, particularly for thread local storage, highlight the continued relevance of segments in modern CPU operations.


  • Writing an x86 emulator reveals numerous quirks and complexities, such as the undefined behavior of BSF/BSR instructions on zero input and the varying behavior of TZCNT/LZCNT on different CPUs.
  • The encoding of instructions in x86, including the handling of REX/VEX/EVEX prefixes and the new APX prefix, adds layers of complexity, making the architecture challenging to emulate accurately.
  • The post highlights the historical artifacts and irregularities in the x86 architecture, contrasting it with more consistent architectures like RISC-V and ARMv8, which are easier to work with.

Plausible Community Edition

  • Plausible Analytics has launched the self-hosted, AGPL-licensed Plausible Community Edition (CE) to better protect their open-source project from corporate misuse.
  • Key changes include renaming the self-hosted release to Plausible CE, excluding some features for managed hosting, and requiring external contributors to sign a Contributor License Agreement (CLA).
  • These changes aim to ensure the sustainability of Plausible Analytics while maintaining the AGPL license and protecting their brand through registered trademarks.


  • Plausible Community Edition is under scrutiny regarding its licensing, open-source status, and the separation of proprietary and open-source code.
  • Users are concerned that the community edition may lack features compared to the managed version, potentially pushing them towards paid plans.
  • The debate underscores the tension between maintaining open-source principles and ensuring business sustainability, with some viewing Plausible's actions as necessary and others as a betrayal.

How to validate a market with development boards and SD cards

  • The FCC mandates that electronic devices must complete testing and approval before being marketed in the US, including selling, leasing, advertising, and importing.
  • The ambiguity around whether offering devices on crowdfunding sites constitutes marketing poses a risk, especially for startups facing high testing costs and unresponsive labs.
  • A cost-effective workaround involves using widely available chips and pre-flashing SD cards with the OS and software, shifting liability to the manufacturer and allowing market validation with minimal spend.


  • Understanding the regulatory landscape and compliance testing is crucial for validating a market with development boards and SD cards.
  • Certification, such as from the FCC, is essential to avoid legal issues and ensure product safety, particularly for devices emitting RF noise.
  • Testing costs range from $3000 to $5000, and pre-testing is recommended to identify issues early.