The author details their methodology of utilizing csvbase, a basic web database, for extracting and transforming foreign exchange rate data from the European Central Bank (ECB).
The interactive process includes downloading the data, converting it into a more practical format using a software library called pandas, and then uploading it to csvbase; followed by visualization with gnuplot and complex analysis via duckdb.
Open data availability, simple usage and the efficacy of ECB's data as an exchange format are strongly emphasized in the text.
The discussion is centered around issues of economic and industrial espionage, code ownership, usage rights, intellectual property theft, and the implications of building vs buying software tools.
Varied perspectives are debated, with some focusing on ethical and legal implications of code ownership, while others argue for code sharing and criticize perceived Western hypocrisy.
There's an emphasis on understanding employment agreements and seeking legal advice, indicative of the complex and often confusing nature of code ownership and intellectual property in the tech sphere.
Carrefour, a French supermarket chain, has introduced labels warning shoppers of "shrinkflation," a situation where manufacturers reduce pack sizes rather than raising prices.
It has implemented this strategy to pressure major suppliers like Nestlé, PepsiCo, and Unilever before contract negotiations. Carrefour identified 26 products to exhibit this practice, with plans for similar labeling if the suppliers don't agree to price cuts.
Carrefour's CEO, Alexandre Bompard, critiqued these companies for not assisting in lowering prices, considering the drop in raw material costs.
Major supermarket chain Carrefour is tagging products impacted by "shrinkflation", a phenomenon where packaging sizes are diminished while prices stay constant, to highlight the brands responsible.
The ongoing debate about inflation in Europe involves discussions around whether it's a result of companies inflating profit margins or due to other elements like supply chain complications.
The discourse extends to price gouging in natural disasters, the effect of legislation to standardize packaging sizes, pricing strategies, income inequality, and the necessity for clear unit pricing on products.
TikTok has been penalized €345m (£296m) by the Irish Data Protection Commission (DPC) for breaching EU data laws concerning child users' accounts.
The violations include defaulting child accounts to public settings, lack of transparency in providing data information to children, granting adults access to child users' accounts, and negligence in evaluating risks to underage users.
Prior to this, TikTok had also been fined £12.7m by the UK data regulator for illegally processing the data of 1.4 million children under 13 without parental consent.
The Hacker News discussion focuses on the creation of an economy simulator and explores its relationship with economics, psychology, and real-world data.
Participants highlight the challenges of accurately modeling and simulating complex economic systems, stressing the importance of incorporating real-world data and accounting for bad actors and exploitation.
The debate also touches on the existence and roles of capitalists outside of capitalist economic systems. The discussion underlines key issues such as the concentration of wealth and the limitations of economic models.
The Hacker News forum hosts diverse discussions centered around shrinkflation, focusing on its effect on product quality, deceptive practices by businesses, the demand for transparency and improved labeling, and associated ethical dilemmas.
Other topics include mechanisms for tracking shrinkflated goods, issues related to animal testing, and the affordability and health impacts of junk food.
Shrinkflation refers to the process where companies reduce the size or quantity of their products while maintaining or increasing the price, often without clearly informing consumers.
The website introduces an open-source backup software, Kopia, boasting speed, security, and compatibility with multiple operating systems via GUI (Graphical User Interface) and CLI (Command Line Interface).
Kopia facilitates encrypted, compressed, and deduplicated backups using the user's preferred cloud storage and features a desktop app to manage snapshots, policies, and file restoration.
The website invites contributions and bug reports for Kopia through a Pull Request workflow on GitHub, and engages user discussions about Kopia features and issues on Slack.
The article delves into the mechanism by which Linux starts a process and prepares the execution stack, particularly focusing on when a process calls execve().
It provides an in-depth examination of a binary file's details, using gdb (GNU Debugger) for the analysis of instructions and program stack.
The piece also illustrates how the Linux kernel allocates and populates the stack with information including argument lists and environment variables, providing insights useful for tools like 'Zapper'.
Google has agreed to a $93 million settlement over allegations of deceitful location tracking practices, which has been criticized as insufficient to prevent future violations considering Google's annual revenue.
Discussions are emerging regarding the necessity for stricter penalties and legislation to safeguard privacy as well as criticism over Google's internet dominance and the effectiveness of the settlement remedies.
Concerns were raised about the complex management of location history settings, unpermitted alteration of device settings by some apps, and the requirement of a Google account to activate location tracking.
Researchers from the University of Chicago's Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering have created an 'inverse vaccine' to potentially cure autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis and type I diabetes.
Contrary to traditional vaccines that train the immune system to identify and combat viruses or bacteria, this new vaccine eliminates the immune system's recognition of a specific molecule, avoiding autoimmune reactions.
The 'inverse vaccine' uses the liver's process to flag molecules from deteriorating cells with 'do not attack' labels. Preliminary lab tests show the vaccine effectively reversed multiple sclerosis-related autoimmune reactions, and safety trials have already commenced.
Researchers at the University of Chicago have developed an "inverse vaccine" aimed at treating autoimmune diseases by eliminating the immune system's memory of problematic molecules.
This vaccine provides a more precise alternative to current immune suppression therapies, promising more effective results.
There remain concerns regarding potential side effects as well as the broader understanding of autoimmune diseases. The role of the smallpox vaccination and the significance of maintaining immunity are also being debated.
The California legislature has passed the Delete Act, a bill aimed at simplifying the process of deleting personal information from data brokers for consumers.
The California Privacy Protection Agency would be tasked with creating a system for consumers to request the removal of their records from data brokers in a single request, increasing transparency and control over personal data.
Some businesses and industry associations expressed opposition to the bill, citing potential unintended consequences and potential harm to small businesses. The bill is now pending approval from the governor.
California has passed a legislation focused on empowering individuals to easily erase their data from data brokers, although it exempts companies like Google and Facebook already obligated to delete data upon request.
The main goal of the bill is to enhance personal data control and privacy protection, yet concerns have been raised regarding its effectiveness and the exemption of specific businesses.
The discussion also introduces topics like data selling, credit scores, and existing regulations' effectiveness. The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), its implications, potential loopholes and the complexity of data deletion are further explored. The bill mandates agencies to create a deletion mechanism and penalizes non-compliance.
Instagram achieved significant growth, reaching 14 million users in a little over a year, with a small team of only three engineers.
They accomplished this by adopting three guiding principles and a reliable tech stack, including technologies like AWS, Ubuntu Linux, EC2, NGINX, Django, Gunicorn, Postgres, S3, Redis, Memcached, pyapns, and Gearman.
They also took advantage of monitoring tools like Sentry, Munin, Pingdom, and PagerDuty to ensure their infrastructure's effectiveness and reliability.
Subdomain Center is a research project developed by ARPSyndicate that employs tools like Apache's Nutch and OpenAI's Embedding Models to discover more subdomains than any other service.
To avoid misuse, the service restricts users to a maximum of three requests per minute, and potential downtime might occur due to increased demand.
Along with Subdomain Center, ARPSyndicate offers a command line utility tool, Puncia, and other resources pertaining to exploit observation, attack surface management, vulnerability scanning, and open-source intelligence.
The forum discusses the vulnerabilities and risks tied to subdomains, and users share different discovery methods, such as scanning the IPv4 internet, leveraging certificate transparency logs, and using proprietary tools.
There is apprehension about privacy and security issues of publicly visible subdomains and the difficulty of securing internal subdomains, with advice to practice caution when opening ports and exposing services for additional safety.
Implementing port knocking or using Tor are suggested for enhanced security, along with the advantages of using IPv6 over IPv4 in these contexts.
The blog post challenges Tim Perry's assertion that Android 14 restricts all changes to system certificates, providing evidence that adjustments can still be made and users can revoke system certificate trust.
The author asserts that developers are able to add trusted system certificates through ADB (Android Debug Bridge), a versatile command-line tool used for communicating with a device that runs on Android.
While acknowledging changes with Android 14, it is concluded that user freedom is preserved, and these alterations aid over-the-air updates to the certificate store, thus implying an expected update to tools compatible with Android 14.
The discussion highlights system certificate modifications on Android 14 and the implications and potential benefits of rooting devices, including gaining access to certain features and apps at the expense of others.
Users are assessing alternative methods, such as ADB + Frida or Magisk + safetynet-fix, for making modifications and balancing user freedom with device protection.
The post underscores the importance of user ownership in the face of growing hostility from Android and Apple devices. It commends Apple's security measures while suggesting the incorporation of a developer mode with warnings.
The US government has started an antitrust trial against Google, accusing the tech giant of establishing its search engine market dominance through forceful deals rather than through fair competition.
The case will revolve around Google's practices involving defaults and data usage in maintaining its monopolistic position, and also scrutinize whether these actions are beneficial to the consumers or only serve Google's interests.
The trial will explore the potential harm to consumers and advertisers due to Google's dominance, and the crux of the judge's decision will be determined by whether free products like search engines can indeed cause consumer harm.
The U.S. v. Google trial investigates whether paying to become the default search engine breaks competition rules, aiming to set clearer guidelines.
Critics suggest that employee statements are being misused, diverting from real anti-competitive practices. Key concerns raised are Google's dominance, a dearth of effective competition, and the consequent impact on other search engines like Bing and Mozilla.
Users express dissatisfaction with current alternatives, voicing a demand for better search engine options. Other discussed topics encompass internet usage, Chromium's independence, and Mozilla's financial viability.
The article presents an innovative technique for storing a chess position compactly in 26 bytes.
The method leverages the unique placement of kings and pawns to represent captures, castling ability, and en passant target, alongside a distinctive encoding for promotions, thus reducing the necessary storage space.
The storage technique includes the use of bitmaps and sorting for efficiently characterizing different aspects of the position, thereby enabling storage of a chess position in just approximately 26 bytes.
The articles delve into methods of compressing and storing chess positions more compactly and efficiently to reduce data requirements while maintaining crucial information.
It covers various strategies like bit-level magic, use of blockchain technology, storing move history, memory recall and compact encoding specifically for chess engines. It also highlights the advantage of compressed formats over JSON.
The aim is to enhance performance, storage, and processing efficiency in chess databases and applications.
The post presents a detailed list of recommended books for game developers, encompassing numerous subjects pertinent to the field.
These books provide valuable insights into computer graphics, game programming, artificial intelligence, as well as physics and dynamics simulation.
Other topics covered in these volumes include design and application, linear algebra, optimization, and algorithms, providing a comprehensive knowledge base for aspiring and established game developers.
The article examines the concept of refining large language models (LLMs) by utilizing them to formulate smaller, superior quality datasets.
The process entails training a broad model on diverse data, using it to distill the source data into untarnished datasets, and subsequently training smaller models on them. The aim is to develop models that are more accessible, faster in making inferences, and possibly free from copyright issues.
Other techniques to enhance the intelligence of LLMs, like retrieval augmented generation (RAG) and the utilization of fine-tuning datasets for language translation, are also discussed.