Catala is a new domain-specific language that can create algorithms from legal documents, ensuring high fidelity between the code and the law.
The language is built to reflect the logical structure of the law, making it accessible for review and certification by legal professionals; it even has a compiler that generates lawyer-readable PDFs.
Named after Pierre Catala, a pioneer in French legaltech, the Catala project is a research initiative led by Inria, France's National Research Institute for Computer Science. However, the compiler remains unstable and feature-limited.
The conversation focuses on using Catala, a programming language, in specifying laws and legal documents, emphasizing on its benefits, drawbacks, and the potential challenges of translating English into a formal logic system.
There is a debate about the use of code as a regulator, the complexity of legal code, the use of coding symbols in legal agreements, and the concept of encoding intent into laws using programming languages.
Participants discussed the idea of writing clear legal texts, the role of a domain-specific language for legal contracts, comparing software development to the legal system, and concerns about the name choice for such programming languages.
Petals is a platform enabling users to operate large language models - such as Llama 2, Falcon, and BLOOM - on their devices using consumer-grade GPU or Google Colab.
The platform allows its users to join a network for serving different parts of the model and adapt models for diverse tasks, providing both an API and flexible options with PyTorch and Hugging Face Transformers.
Petals' project has been highlighted in the BigScience research workshop, further indicating its significant contribution to the field of language model development.
The article examines the potential of running large language models (LLMs) at home using a BitTorrent-style method by pooling compute resources, creating derivative models, and utilizing parameter efficient fine-tuning and LoRA methodology.
The difficulties and costs associated with training large models are discussed, with possible solutions like water cooling and modifying older server cards. Concepts like decentralized computing and fine-tuning models are also addressed.
There's mention of Petals, a service for running LLMs on low-end devices, with mixed reviews among participants. The piece speculates about the possible use of tokens and decentralized computing to support open-source LLMs in the future.
Global Witness, in a recent report, highlights the concerning trend of environmental activist killings, nearly 2,000 worldwide between 2012 and 2022, with 177 incidents in 2022 alone.
Latin America, especially Colombia, was identified as high-risk for environmental activists, with Brazil, Mexico, Honduras, and the Philippines also reporting high fatality rates. Indigenous people constituted one-third of the victims, underlining their critical role in climate mitigation.
The report underscores the urgency to safeguard and assist those advocating for environmental protection.
The discussions underline a range of topics such as the risks confronting environmental activists, the crucial role of indigenous cultures in environmental conservation, and the strategies and reputation of climate activists.
They also delve into issues on the ethical implications of man-made environmental catastrophes, the phenomenon of police immunity and its impact on criminal justice, gun ownership and related homicides, and concerns about media credibility and propaganda.
The shooting death of Manuel Esteban Paez Terán by police officers is also a highlighted subject, with the conversations underscoring different viewpoints and perspectives, underscoring the controversy and complexity of these topics.
The article proposes the idea of utilizing SQLite, a software library that provides a relational database management system, as a container for OpenDocument Presentation files, instead of the current ZIP archive format.
It suggests potential improvements, like breaking down content into smaller parts and adding versioning capabilities, that could be facilitated by this switch.
The author underscores the benefits of using SQLite as an application file format, including enhanced user experience and performance, therefore potentially increasing the efficiency of applications.
The discourse is about using SQLite as a file format for OpenDocument, comparing its strengths and limitations against other formats like XML.
SQLite's lack of standardization poses challenges for interoperability and ISO standardization, despite its greater functionality.
Conversation also covers the concept of autosaving user data, technicalities of saving data, and potential advantages and disadvantages of SQLite in various contexts, emphasising the need for a balance between autosaving and user control.
The article critically reviews the text message portrayals in Apple's marketing resources and contrasts them with how individuals really interact.
Discussions revolve around whether Apple's communication strategy mirrors reality, the diminishing use of social media integrations in the company's marketing, and the constraints of sharing large image files via messaging apps.
There is also speculation concerning Apple's absence from the crowd of companies offering social media services.
Amazon Web Services (AWS) has increased its number of IPv4 addresses by 27 million, resulting in a total of 128 million; it makes their IPv4 estate approximately worth $4.5 billion, a sizable increase from 3 years ago.
Notably, each IPv4 address is estimated to be worth $35 due to the increasing scarcity and cost of IPv4 addresses.
AWS has planned to charge customers for IPv4 addresses at a rate of $0.005 per IP per hour, which could generate an estimated annual revenue of $500 million to $1 billion.
The post discusses the difficulties and frustrations encountered in transitioning from IPv4 to IPv6, including concerns about compatibility, network upgrades, and slower than expected adoption by ISPs.
There are debates about alternative solutions, like extending IPv4 or creating a new version, and criticisms about the complexity and usability of IPv6 addresses, as well as the lack of economic motivation for migration.
The post also highlights the shortage of IPv4 addresses and the potential for anti-competitive behavior from key participants, suggesting a need for a smoother conversion process and a more user-friendly solution.
Homebrew Website Club is a global network of meetups designed to help individuals gain more control over their online experience, particularly in relation to blogging.
The resource includes details about recent and future meetups, presenting information such as dates, organizers, venues, and guides for arranging both virtual and physical meetings.
Throughout the pandemic, the club has transitioned to online gatherings and provides resources for organizing IndieWebCamps, independent efforts to build private websites as opposed to using centralized web services.
The paper investigates the application of Large Language Models (LLMs) in code optimization, using a 7 billion parameter transformer model for optimizing Low Level Virtual Machine (LLVM) assembly code size.
The model is trained to predict instruction counts before and after optimization, and subsequently provide the optimized code.
Tests conducted on a vast range of programs revealed a 3.0% improvement over the traditional compiler, showcasing the model's robust code reasoning capabilities.
The summary broaches the discussions about the advantages and constraints of using Language Learning Models (LLMs) in compiler optimization, such as reducing instruction counts and generating compilable code.
It also discusses concerns related to code semantics and correctness when using LLMs, along with challenges like the need for larger datasets.
The text references further dialogues on the utilization of AI in optimizing compilers, risks associated, and the investigation of LLMs' functionality within different phases of the compilation process.
The discussion centers on Apple's efforts to make programming accessible to regular users, illustrating challenges that occurred while learning programming on Mac computers during the 90s.
It highlights the contrasts between Apple and Microsoft's strategies towards software development, underscoring the significance of nurturing environments that simplify programming and empower users.
The conversation reflects on the constraints of specific programming tools and the identified discrepancy between various automation and scripting forms, offering diverse viewpoints on programming and user experiences across multiple platforms and tools.
The RustHacker forum underlines the challenges of making modifications in Rust, primarily concerning async Rust, due to the absence of a Leak-style trait, therefore necessitating workarounds.
The participants express diverse viewpoints on the intricacies and constraints of programming languages, which include pinning in Rust and comparisons with C++, demonstrating the complexities and compromises inherent in programming language design and execution.
The article delves into the concept of tech independence, emphasizing the need for simpler, more user-friendly, and accessible self-hosting solutions.
It underscores the limitations of existing P2P (Peer-to-Peer) systems, describes various platforms and projects, and offers suggestions for self-hosting websites and personal files at home, advising caution.
The article fosters a debate on the degrees of tech independence feasible with the use of cloud host IP, eliciting contrasting perspectives on the reliability of third-party services.
OpenRA, a volunteer-driven project, has reconstructed classic real-time strategy games like Red Alert, Command & Conquer, and Dune 2000 for contemporary systems, supporting Windows, macOS, and Linux natively.
The games feature improved gameplay mechanics, online play including mod support, and novel campaigns. This project thrives on open source development and community contribution.
Their latest playtest comprises bug fixes, new tasks, enhanced modding support, and forward movement in compatibility with the Command & Conquer Remastered Collection. Feedback on any issues is welcomed by the developers.
The article scrutinizes consulting firm Booz Allen's practice of charging fees via the Recreation.gov website for access to U.S. federal lands and waters, causing concerns about control and profit from national parks.
A lawsuit challenging the fees for visiting Red Rock Canyon has triggered a public comment process to decide on the contractor's remuneration.
The author recommends more stringent regulations to avoid such practices, emphasizing the value of public lands and the influence of Henry George's philosophies.
The article examines disputes about Recreation.gov's handling of national parks' rentals, where operator Booz Allen Hamilton is accused of price gouging and exploiting a monopoly.
Amid calls for transparency, critics urge more competition in governmental website development and a clear disclosure of revenue and operational costs.
The piece also tackles the controversial online booking fees for campsites, with some suggesting a non-profit entity or government institution should manage the reservation system, while others question the private companies' imposed fees and contracts.
Scientific studies have shown that plants can detect and react to sound, and potentially produce sound themselves.
Various experiments reveal different sound types can influence plant growth and stress compound production. For instance, an Asian shrub reportedly showed growth in leaf size after exposure to Buddhist chants.
Some sounds can have negative effects on plants, as a study demonstrated stunted growth in plants exposed to traffic noise.